Drug Awareness

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GET THE FACTS
Effects

See to the Left

Overdose Effects

●  Person is unconscious or semi-conscious

●  Person cannot be awakened

●  Person has cold, clammy, pale or bluish skin

●  Breathing is slow or irregular

●  Breathing is less than 8 times a minute with 10 seconds or more between breaths

●  Person vomits while sleeping or passed out

●  Person does not wake up after vomiting

Street Names

Booze, Brew, Cold One, Juice, Sauce, Vino, Hard Stuff

 

Other Controlled Substances
Methamphetamine
Marijuana
Cocaine / Crack
Heroin
Alcohol

Crime Prevention

Drug Awareness

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ALCOHOL

"THE MOST COMMONLY ABUSED DRUG"

 

Alcohol's Physical Effects

Alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it is carried to the rest of the body. Some of the parts of the body it affects are:

Liver-The liver filters blood, but can only metabolize alcohol at a limited rate. Excess alcohol invades the liver cells and this can lead to diseases such as cirrhosis and cancer.

Stomach-Alcohol can make a person sick to the stomach and can cause ulcers and other problems in long-term drinkers.

Heart- Alcohol can overwork the heart. This can lead to high blood pressure and heart disease.

Brain- Alcohol kills brain cells. It depresses the central nervous system. This means it not only affects the brain itself, but also impairs coordination, balance, concentration, reflexes, vision, reason, and judgment.

NOTE: These areas are affected from alcohol use regardless of age.

 About drinking and driving

If you've heard it once, you've heard it a million times - drinking and driving is a deadly combination. This is true for all ages, but especially for teens. Think about all the skills it takes to drive a car: coordination, balance, concentration, reflexes, vision, reason, judgment. Alcohol slows down everyone of these skills and when you combine that will a driver that doesn't have a lot of experience, there can be nothing but danger.

  • In 2005, alcohol-related vehicle crashes claimed the lives of 2,449 youth in the United States.

  • Pennsylvania lost 80 youth to drinking and driving - that number is an 11% decrease from the reported 2,747 in 2004, and a 62% decrease from a record high in 1982 of youth fatalities.

If the numbers are not convincing, maybe some real stories are. Ask around, and you will find that you know someone who has been affected by a drunk driver.

Don't wait until you're in an accident, don't wait until someone you know has been killed or injured by a drunk driver, don't wait until you've been charged with driving under the influence - decide now that you don't need to drink.

Why is drinking illegal for people under 21?

Everyone asks this question, but there are very good reasons behind the law. The federal government has established a nationwide limit of the sale of alcohol to persons on and above the age of 21. Studies continually show the harmful effects which alcohol has on the development of the body. The first twenty years are a time of rapid physical development, and alcohol can truly harm this. In addition, it is more likely that young drivers will misuse alcohol, and be involved in more fatal vehicle crashes due to alcohol.

Parents "Learn the Lingo"

It's a scary thought, but your children could be standing there, talking about getting drunk right in front of you...and you might not even know it.

To gain clarity into your child's involvement with alcohol, it helps to know some of the most common slang currently being used on the street (and in the suburbs) to describe alcohol and the drinking "scene".

     Here are some of the most popular slang terms for alcohol and alcohol use:

  • Beer Bong: A device used to drink beer quickly through a hose or funnel (may also be known as "Hose Monster").

  • Black Out: The memory loss experienced during a period of binge drinking.

  • Chug (Chugging): Consuming a large amount of alcohol quickly (often as part of a drinking game).

  • Crunked: To get high off of alcohol and marijuana at the same time.

  • Everclear: A dangerously potent drink with a 90% alcohol proof level

  • Hand Grenade: A small bottle of sweet, pre-mixed alcohol (often sold at convenience stores).

  • Hangover: An ill feeling experienced the day after drinking alcohol.

  • Jag: An extended period of heavy drug or alcohol abuse.

  • Jello Shots: Grocery store gelatin products mixed with alcohol and usually served in an ice cube tray or small cups (also known as "Zippers").

  • Methyl Alcohol: A highly dangerous form of alcohol found in household products such as antifreeze, fuel and paint thinners (may also be known as "wood alcohol").

  • Pre-Game: To take part in drinking alcohol before a party.

  • Proof: A term referring to the amount of alcohol found in various liquor products. The "proof" number equals double the percentage of alcohol found in the product (for example: "90 proof everclear contains 45 percent alcohol).

  • Watermelon: A whole watermelon that has been injected with Everclear and served.

Think your child is too young for you to have to worry about terminology like this? Check the statistics and then think again:

  • 53.8% of 8th graders have tried alcohol.

  • 72.0% of 10th graders have tried alcohol.

  • 81.76% of 12th grades have tried alcohol.

Learn the language of your children and find out what they're doing when you aren't around. Don't let a "language barrier" or a generation gap keep you from keeping THEM away from alcohol!

For additional information go to Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board

http://www.lcb.state.pa.us/edu/site/default.asp?eduNav=|32527|